How to protect yourself from an anthropologist
- Know your rights, and assert them!
-It is not your duty to accommodate anthropologists;
-Do not assume that anthropologists ever have your best interests at heart;
-Always be suspicious of the work of anthropologists, and be prepared to reject their presence as both a first and last resort;
-Do not expect anthropologists to safeguard your rights and your interests;
-Be aware of the fact that anything you share with anthropologists could conceivably be used against you and/or your community, now and in the future;
-Do not rely on anthropologists to keep your information confidential — they can be forced to surrender their material under the laws of their countries, and all of the documents and information they gathered from you can be seized, scanned, and copied when they travel to or through the United States or the United Kingdom.
-Confidentiality that is respected with doctors and lawyers is not legally enforced with anthropologists;
Do not follow these guidelines too closely, without adding your own or redesigning what you read, because a smart anthropologist will find ways of working around these ideas, if they want to.
Reminded me of this. Hugh Gusterson, ‘What’s in a Laptop?’
Sentinelese of the Andaman Islands - India
The most isolated tribe on earth
Situated in the bay of Bengal, the Andaman islands have been known to outsiders since ancient times. Andaman islanders respond with intense hostility at any attempt of outside contact, hurling arrows and stones at any unlucky visitor approaching their shores.
In 2006, Sentinelese archers killed two fishermen who were fishing illegally within range of the island, and drove off the helicopter that was sent to retrieve their bodies with a hail of arrows. The current policy of the Indian government is to leave the islanders alone. There are currently no planned attempts to contact the Sentinelese and access to North Sentinel island is strictly forbidden.
Hijras now recognized by the state as an official 3rd gender in Bangladesh.
Hijras are male-bodied, but feminine-identified. They have been part of South Asian culture since antiquity, playing ceremonial roles. Today they are both celebrated and stigmatized.
Read about Bangladesh’s decision at the Dhaka Tribune.
"Welcome to Everybody’s Cup" - COCA COLA
The Lie and the Truth about native rigths in Brazil!
The Asurini tribe - Pará, Brazil
The system of graphic art
The decoration of the body, ceramics, gourds and other items of Asurini material culture comprise a system of graphic art, with its own grammar and the contents of which are related to different systems of meaning. These designs are stylizations of elements of nature, as well as representations of supernatural beings or symbolic elements
The Kalungas - Brazil
The Kalungas are descendants of run-away slaves who lived in remote settlements in northeastern Goiás state, Brazil. Most of the 4,000 Kalungas, who are of mixed race, black and native Indian, live in very poor conditions in near the town of Cavalcante, Goiás.
and here to your left we see society’s impossible to obtain standards for women
At the beginning of the 20th century, Edward S. Curtis set out to document what he saw as a disappearing race: the Native American.
From 1907 to 1930, Curtis took more than 2,000 photos of 80 tribes stretching from the Great Plains to the Pacific Northwest and Alaska. He then published and sold these photos, along with narrative text, in 20 volumes of work known as “The North American Indian.”
It is one of the most significant collections of its kind, “probably the most important photographic document of its age and its topic,” said Jeffrey Garrett, associate university librarian for Special Libraries at Northwestern University. But it also comes with an asterisk. “There is still a lot of reluctance to accept the Curtis images as being historically valid,” Garrett said.
For starters, all the images were staged.
“These are not snapshots,” Garrett said. “There is a clear lack of spontaneity. People were instructed to dress up for the shot, so they’re in their tribal finery.”
Some also perceive the collection as patronizing, a white man’s idealized view of Native Americans at the time. “A little bit of romanticization on (Curtis’) part would help sell his product and also his hope was that it would engender sympathy for Native Americans,” Garrett said.
Northwestern, in collaboration with the Library of Congress, has digitized all of Curtis’ images and posted them online. “It is an attempt to take the historical materials that we have and preserve them and make them accessible,” Garrett said. “We get an enormous number of requests for high-resolution prints from this collection, many of which then end up in books.”
Even Native Americans have ordered prints from the collection. Garrett said it seems that more people are starting to come around on Curtis’ work and accept it despite its shortcomings.
“The romanticization of Edward Curtis’ eye on Native American history corresponds sometimes very nicely with the romanticization of modern Native Americans looking back to their own past and wanting to see it as being noble, monumental and heroic,” he said.
“The North American Indian” was published as a limited edition and sold by subscription. Because it was printed on the finest paper and bound in expensive leather, it was very expensive. Subscriptions were about $3,000 in 1907 and about $4,200 in 1924.
In 1935, the project was liquidated and the remaining materials were sold to a rare book dealer in Boston. That included 19 unsold sets as well as thousands of individual prints and the handmade copper photogravure plates that Curtis used to make the prints. These assets lived in the bookstore’s basement until they were rediscovered in the 1970s.
Curtis’ sponsor for the project was financier J.P. Morgan. Morgan paid Curtis $75,000 over five years, allowing Curtis to purchase the equipment he needed and hire interpreters and researchers.
Quilombola Communities, Brazil
Photos: Andre Cypriano (http://www.andrecypriano.com/)
We all seem to get along well and everyone seems to respond professionally to anthropologically oriented posts. Except for when we get facetious, of course.
I think matching tattoos might be a little too hardcore. But we could get a logo or something….
i’m on the tattoo thing, we could became a (not so secret) society, like the freemasonry!
Games of the indigenous people in Brazil
The XII Games of the Indigenous People in Cuiaba have begun, where 48 Brazilian indigenous tribes present their cultural rituals and compete in traditional sports such as archery, running with logs and canoeing. The event takes place from Nov 8 to Nov 16. (Reuters)
The Ainu people are historically residents of parts of Hokkaido (the Northern island of Japan)
You can see just by the appearance of the Ainu that traditional Ainu culture is significantly different from Japanese culture. First of all, both men and women keep their hair at shoulder length and wear traditional Ainu garb. Men, never shaving after a certain age, usually have full beards, and women undergo mouth tattooing to signify their coming to adulthood.
One way that the Ainu were similar to the Japanese is in the way of religion. The Ainu, just like the Japanese people, were animists and believed that all things are inhabited by spirits known as kamuy. While there are many gods in Ainu belief, one of the most important is known as Kim-un Kamuy, or the god of bears and the mountains. All animals are thought to be the manifestations of gods on Earth in Ainu culture, however, the bear is believed to be the head of gods and is therefore known as kamuy, or “God.”